Change Font: A A A A Contact Us What's New FAQs Subscribe home
HomePublicationsBrowse ListingChild Malnutrition as a Poverty Indicator: An Evaluation in the Context of Different Development Interventions in IndonesiaPoverty Line

Poverty Line

There is no international consensus on what poverty is and how it should be measured. The common starting point of many poverty calculations is a food energy intake requirement of 2,100 calories per person per day which is a normal requirement of a human body (Ravallion, 1994). The method of calculation is to use a basket of foods consumed by a "reference population" to fix the mix of foods and their prices. The total food quantity is calculated by scaling the mix of foods to achieve the level of 2,100 calories based on commonly consumed local food items. The poverty line is the expenditure necessary to achieve this caloric intake (Pradhan et. al., 2000). In many cases, consumption expenditures may include other non-food essentials, e.g. clothing, housing and others.

The World Bank calculated the international poverty lines by standardizing consumption levels across countries. Purchasing Power Parity(PPP) is estimated based on new price data generated by the International Comparisons Program for115 countries. The International Poverty Line obtained is equal to $1.08 per day in 2000. As such, average income levels (GNP per capita) are used as a proxy for the poverty level.

Download this Discussion Paper [ PDF 243.5KB| 22 pages ].

[previous chapter] [next chapter]

Post a Comment

We welcome your feedback on this publication. Post a comment. ADBI is not obliged to acknowledge or publish comments and may abridge or edit them before web posting.


There are [3] comment(s) for this entry. Post a comment.

  1. Choco
    (posted 01 May 2010 / 02:19:03 AM)

    is poverty line:
    -less that $1.25/day per adult, or
    -less than $1.25/day per person in the household (including children), or
    -less than $1.25/day per household?

    What a loophole in the definition! Clarity required please!
  2. naveen
    (posted 17 December 2008 / 08:35:28 PM)

    This information explain clearly about the malnutrition and poverty,
    Most poor people who battle hunger deal with chronic undernourishment and vitamin or mineral deficiencies, which result in stunted growth, weakness and heightened susceptibility to illness.

    Poor children are the most prone to this and are often the victims to malnutrition, deficiencies, diseases and ultimately deaths caused by hunger.

    Today our world is home to 6.6 billion people. The United States is a part of the high-income group of nations which has a population of around 30 crores
  3. ms.gilor araneta -tino
    (posted 02 April 2008 / 05:39:12 AM)

    Conditions tagged as underweight or underheight has been a problem for a longtime. If we dig further poverty is one cause. I am glad that the schools here in the Province of Albay are recipients of the Food for the School program. In its simple way, this is a BIG solution, RICE ON THE TABLE of every family. I'mm sure that this will help increase the nutritional status of our schoolchildren.

The views expressed in this paper are the views of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI), the Asian Development Bank (ADB), its Board of Directors, or the governments they represent. ADBI does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequences of their use. Terminology used may not necessarily be consistent with ADB official terms.

Back to Top 
© 2015 Asian Development Bank Institute.