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HomeNews and EventsCalendar of EventsThe 4th ADBI-OECD-ILO Roundtable on Labor Migration in Asia: Building Human Capital Across Borders

The 4th ADBI-OECD-ILO Roundtable on Labor Migration in Asia: Building Human Capital Across Borders


Purpose

The aim of this event is to better understand labor migration trends, the impact of labor migration, and labor migration management (both skilled and low-skilled migrant workers); and to promote international cooperation in labor migration markets.

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Background

Since 2011, the Asian Development Bank Institute, in cooperation with the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), has organized three events on labor migration. The inaugural event in January 2011 focused on contemporary trends and prospects of the labor movement in the post-crisis context of Asia. The second event in January 2012 focused on how to improve integration through policies for social protection and inclusion and examining the demographic causes and consequences of Asian migration. This policy dialog will be a follow-up to the 3rd ADBI–OECD–ILO roundtable, Labor Migration in Asia: Assessing Labor Market Requirements for Foreign Workers and Developing Policies for Regional Skills Mobility, held in Bangkok, Thailand, 23–25 January 2013. Issues covered included: trends and outlook for labor migration, remittances and labor demand in Asia; building a mobility region for skills; matching skills needs through labor migration and international cooperation; attracting and retaining international students; gaining from skills portability and links between education and migration; reintegration and investment by returning labor migrants; and managing low skilled migration and promoting decent work opportunities for labor migrants.

The Asia and Pacific region is the world's most economically dynamic region with more than 30 million migrant workers. In countries of destination for migrants, the structure of economies, relative labor shortages and demographic changes are key factors driving the demand for workers. Migrant workers make an enormous development contribution to the region's economies through additions in skills and labor power and improvements in services and competitiveness in countries of destination, and financial remittances, skills and knowledge on return to their countries of origin. Despite this, many migrant workers are subject to labor exploitation and abuse and studies of recruitment processes and working conditions for low-skilled migrants consistently reveal abuses commonly associated with labor exploitation.

To follow the stream of the previous events, the 2014 policy dialog will focus on labor migration, remittances and labor demand in Asia, higher education and international mobility of graduates, links with human capital development, and the impact of migration and remittances on health and education of family members left behind. The 2014 policy dialog will also have a special event hosted by the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare on Japanese policy on the acceptance of highly skilled human resources. There will also be a keynote lecture by Professor James A. Mirrlees, the winner of the 1996 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, on the human capital implications of international migration.

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Objectives

  1. Updating the trends for labor migration in Asia in 2012–2013.
  2. A better understanding of the international experiences in building a mobility area for skills useful to ASEAN countries in constructing a "free flow of skilled labor" by 2015 as its approved objective.
  3. Examining both the demand side and supply side of the labor migration market.

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Outputs

  1. Better understanding of how to improve national policies on cross-border migration for both sending and receiving countries;
  2. Updating the trends for labor migration in Asia 2012–2013;
  3. Assessing labor market requirements for foreign workers;
  4. A better understanding of how to match skills needs through labor migration and international cooperation;
  5. A better understanding of the international experiences in building a mobility area for skills, which will help to construct a "free flow of skilled labor" among ASEAN member countries by 2015 as its approved objective;
  6. Promoting closer cooperation among key stakeholders handling this issue;
  7. Presentation materials and summary of proceedings to be uploaded to the ADBI website.

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Participants

Government officials responsible for migration policy and from economic planning agencies. The OECD will invite policymakers from its member countries. Approximately 25 participants.

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How to Register

By invitation only.

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Language

English

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Responsibilities

Participants will be asked to provide regional presentations during the policy dialog.

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Partners

OECD, ILO





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© 2014 Asian Development Bank Institute.