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2014

Title
Date Featured

Asian and Latin American Trade Increasing But More Investment Needed

Asian and Latin American Trade Increasing But More Investment Needed Trade between Asia and Latin America is becoming more intertwined as the two regions have experienced greater growth and economic openness. A joint seminar by ADBI and the Inter-American Development Bank on 15 July took stock of this burgeoning commerce and concluded that Asian and Latin American trade has huge growth potential that could reach $750 billion by 2020, but to achieve this will require more investment, improved productivity, and a reduction of red tape. ADBI Dean Naoyuki Yoshino moderated the event, which was attended by 80 senior policymakers, academics, and private sector representatives. Read more.

17 July 2014

Boosting SME Lending in Asia to Sustain Growth

Boosting SME Lending in Asia to Sustain Growth ADBI Dean Naoyuki Yoshino emphasized the importance of lending to small and medium-sized enterprises for Asia's sustainable growth, as well as the importance of gathering information on SME credit risks at a recent joint workshop of ADBI, the Bank of Thailand, and the Japan Financial Services Agency in Bangkok. Dean Yoshino also met with Bank of Thailand Governor Prasarn Triratvorakul to discuss technical cooperation on credit risk databases and SME financing.

14 July 2014

Increasing Financial Inclusion Contributes to Financial Stability

Increasing Financial Inclusion Contributes to Financial Stability A recent ADBI working paper by Peter Morgan and Victor Pontines examines the relationship between financial inclusion and financial stability. They find evidence that a greater share of lending to small and medium-sized enterprises aids financial stability, mainly by reducing the number of non-performing loans and lowering the probability of default by financial institutions. This suggests that policy measures to increase financial inclusion would have the side benefit of contributing to financial stability. Read more.

11 July 2014

The Ethics and Economics of Climate Change: Findings from the IPCC

The Ethics and Economics of Climate Change: Findings from the IPCC Professor Charles Kolstad, a senior fellow at Stanford Institute for Economic Policy, spoke at ADBI on 7 July on the latest IPCC assessment on climate change, and he addressed the ethical and economic dimensions of the climate change debate. Read more.

1 July 2014

ADBI Welcomes Thai Delegation to Discuss Credit Risk Database and SMEs

ADBI Welcomes Thai Delegation to Discuss Credit Risk Database and SMEs ADBI Dean Naoyuki Yoshino recently welcomed to the Institute an official delegation from Thailand. Officials from the Thai Credit Guarantee Corporation, the Ministry of Finance, and the Bank of Thailand consulted with ADBI on credit risk databases, credit guarantee systems, and small and medium-sized enterprise financing.

23 June 2014

Introduction of Modern Technologies Can Boost Uzbekistan Agricultural Development

Introduction of Modern Technologies Can Boost Uzbekistan Agricultural Development ADBI Dean Naoyuki Yoshino gave a well-received presentation on the importance of economic diversification and the adoption of modern agricultural technologies to increase Uzbekistan crop yields at the recent International Conference on the Most Important Reserves of Implementing the Food Program in Uzbekistan. More than 1,000 government officials, policy experts, researchers, and academics from around the world took part in the conference to discuss food sustainability and agricultural sector development in Uzbekistan. Read more.

13 June 2014

ADBI Addresses Asia's Growth Challenges at IEA World Congress

ADBI Addresses Asia's Growth Challenges at IEA World Congress What are the medium-term growth challenges facing Asia? ADBI Research Director Ganeshan Wignaraja and Asian trade experts Jong-Wha Lee, Isher Ahluwalia, and Yiping Huang spoke on these and other key issues such as financial sector liberalization, urbanization planning, services sector productivity, and supply chain restructuring at the International Economic Association World Congress held in Jordan, on 8 June.

9 June 2014

SMEs Are Crucial to Jobs and Growth in Developing Asia

SMEs Are Crucial to Jobs and Growth in Developing Asia Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are vital as a vehicle to create jobs and to ensure more participation of the poor in economic development in Asia. A new Asia Pathways post by ADBI Research Director Ganeshan Wignaraja and Research Fellow Yothin Jinjarak explores how developing East Asia needs to improve access to finance, skills, and technology to be more supportive of SMEs as growth drivers. Read more.

2 June 2014

Asia and Europe: Key to Reviving the Global Economy

Asia and Europe: Key to Reviving the Global Economy Asia and Europe must play a central role in reviving global growth by reforming their economies, re-balancing their growth models, and deepening their economic, trade, and political linkages. ADBI Dean Naoyuki Yoshino and Research Fellow Matthias Helble spoke on these crucial issues and offered policy recommendations on how these two regions can spur the global economy at the recent 10th Asia-Europe Economic Forum held in Berlin, Germany. Read more.

27 May 2014

Asia's Leading Think Tanks Discuss Regional Economic Cooperation

Asia's Leading Think Tanks Discuss Regional Economic Cooperation ADBI and the University of Pennsylvania co-hosted the Second Asia Think Tank Summit on 21–22 May in Tokyo. The summit brought together 32 of the leading think tanks in Asia and the Pacific to discuss the role of think tanks in promoting regional economic cooperation and integration. Asian Development Bank President Takehiko Nakao and former ASEAN Secretary General Surin Pitsuwan delivered keynote addresses. Read more.

22 May 2014

Connecting Emerging Asia with Emerging Europe

Connecting Emerging Asia with Emerging Europe Emerging Asia and emerging Europe economic linkages are growing, promising gains from trade and investment. ADBI Dean Naoyuki Yoshino spoke on the need for gradual liberalization and sectoral adjustment assistance to facilitate inter-regional economic ties between emerging Asia and emerging Europe during a presentation at the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development Annual Meeting in Warsaw, Poland, on 14 May. Read more.

16 May 2014

Latest Issue of Asian Development Review Released

Latest Issue of Asian Development Review Released The latest issue of Asian Development Review, the open access journal of ADBI and ADB published by MIT Press, is now available for download. Included in this issue are papers on foreign direct investment in Viet Nam, analysis of poverty in India, spatial price differences and inequality in the People's Republic of China, and implications for risk management. Read more.

9 May 2014

Dynamic Transition of the Exchange Rate Regime in the People's Republic of China

Dynamic Transition of the Exchange Rate Regime in the People's Republic of China A new ADBI working paper analyzes the optimal transition of the exchange rate regime in the People's Republic of China (PRC). How the PRC can successfully reach the desired regime from the current dollar-peg regime remains a major question. To answer it, the paper develops a dynamic small open-economy general equilibrium model. It also constructs four transition policies toward the basket-peg regime and compares welfare gains of these policies to those of maintaining the dollar-peg regime. Read more.

2 May 2014

ADBI Launches New Research Project on Financial Inclusion

ADBI Launches New Research Project on Financial Inclusion There is growing emphasis on the need to increase financial inclusion for households and small firms to promote economic development and equality of opportunity, on the role of financial education to increase the effectiveness of such access, and on the role of regulation to contain risks that might arise from greater inclusion. As part of a new project on this theme, ADBI held a conference on the links between these issues. ADBI Dean Naoyuki Yoshino emphasized the crucial role of post office savings, financial literacy in schools, and regulating informal finance to enhance financial inclusion in developing Asia. The conference included both cross-country empirical studies and country studies on Indonesia, Japan, Sri Lanka, and Thailand by experts from those countries as well as ADB and ADBI. Read more.

25 April 2014

Connecting Central Asia with Economic Centers

Connecting Central Asia with Economic Centers A new ADBI interim report titled Connecting Central Asia with Economic Centers examines trade ties, foreign direct investment and financial flows, migration and remittances, and institutional cooperation between the Central Asian economies of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan and major economic centers such as Asia, the EU, the Russian Federation, and the US. Read more.

22 April 2014

Asia and Japan: Trading into the Future

Asia and Japan: Trading into the Future Asia and Japan are in the midst of the most ambitious trade negotiations in recent history, such as the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership agreement and the Trans-Pacific Partnership agreement. These trade pacts will profoundly impact the economies of Asia as they will allow for a freer exchange of goods and services, thereby boosting the region's competitiveness and growth. To analyze the latest developments in trade negotiations, as well as to provide an overview of the latest economic research on the topic, ADBI and the Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry co-hosted a panel discussion of leading trade experts moderated by ADBI Dean Naoyuki Yoshino in Tokyo on 18 April. Read more.


Mongolia's Path to Prosperity

Mongolia's Path to Prosperity A new Asia Pathways post by Sebastian Paust, a senior adviser to the managing board of Deutsche Gessellschaft fur International Zusammenarbeit, explores how regional integration can help drive Mongolia's economic development. Read more.

18 April 2014

Determinants of Rural Wage Rates in Java: How to Reduce Rural Poverty

Determinants of Rural Wage Rates in Java: How to Reduce Rural Poverty Many solutions have been proposed to reduce rural poverty, but because the poorest rural citizens lack capital and their only real asset is their labor, reducing poverty requires raising wage rates. At an ADBI seminar on 10 April, Rick Barichello, a professor at the University of British Columbia, examined how agricultural wage rates are related to agricultural commodity prices and manufacturing wage rates. Read more.

11 April 2014

Siting Environmentally Unfriendly Facilities: The NIMBY Challenge in Asia

Siting Environmentally Unfriendly Facilities: The NIMBY Challenge in Asia Locating locally unfriendly, but socially beneficial facilities, such as airports, landfills, and power stations, is a key public policy concern in many countries. However, residents in the areas where such facilities are to be established tend to exhibit not-in-my-backyard (NIMBY) opposition to such facilities. At a recent distinguished speaker seminar at ADBI, Euston Quah, head of the Department of Economics at Nanyang Technological University of Singapore, presented conflict-resolution instruments for the siting of a NIMBY facility. Economic analysis, he argues, has a key role to play in resolving issues entailed in the siting of these facilities. Read more.


Analysis of Exchange Rates and International Trade

Analysis of Exchange Rates and International Trade Empirical evidence of short-term international price arbitrage is lacking due to data constraints. A new ADBI working paper presents a new dataset on daily international exchanges of goods which shows that under floating exchange rates, short-term international arbitrage is indeed occurring and that it has a persistent effect. Read more.

4 April 2014

ADBI Welcomes New Dean

ADBI Welcomes New Dean Naoyuki Yoshino has joined the Asian Development Bank Institute as Dean, effective 1 April 2014. Mr. Yoshino, a Japanese national, was previously a Professor of Economics at Keio University in Japan. He succeeds Masahiro Kawai, who served as Dean from January 2007. Mr. Yoshino holds a Doctorate degree in Economics from Johns Hopkins University (US) and a Bachelor's degree in Economics from Tohoku University (Japan). He has obtained honorary doctorates from Goteborg University (Sweden) and Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (Germany).

1 April 2014

Why Are Some Imperfect Competition Models More Tractable than Others?

Why Are Some Imperfect Competition Models More Tractable than Others? Tokyo University Professor Michal Fabinger presented at an ADBI seminar on 25 March a new common framework to model various forms of supply and demand functions under imperfect competition. He also demonstrated how this tool can be applied to international trade models and he discussed the models' predictions. Read more.


The Political Economy of Asian Regionalism

The Political Economy of Asian Regionalism How are market forces and intergovernmental cooperation initiatives contributing to closer integration among Asian countries? And how is the regional institutional architecture taking shape? A new ADBI book edited by Giovanni Capannelli and Masahiro Kawai explores Asian regionalism and its political economy. Read more.

26 March 2014

Capital Market Reform in Asia

Capital Market Reform in Asia What are the challenges and risks facing Asian capital markets as the global financial system transitions toward greater financial stability? To answer these questions, ADBI and OECD held a roundtable on capital market reform in Asia on 13–14 March. Read more.


Impact of Abenomics on Japan and Asia

Impact of Abenomics on Japan and Asia ADBI Dean-designate Naoyuki Yoshino discusses the economic outlook for Japan and Asia in a recent ADB interview. Watch interview.

18 March 2014

Connecting Central Asia with Other Economic Centers

Connecting Central Asia with Other Economic Centers ADBI is expanding its activities in Central Asia in order to help the region acquire the tools to ensure a more prosperous future. As part of this greater focus, ADBI recently held a workshop on a draft study that aims to explore the growing economic ties between Central Asia and global economic centers such as Asia, the EU, Russia, and the US. Read more.


Labor Migration, Skills, and Student Mobility in Asia

Labor Migration, Skills, and Student Mobility in Asia A new ADBI report summarizes major policy issues raised at the 3rd roundtable on labor migration. The report focuses on skills mobility within ASEAN, international student migration, and better governance of low-skilled labor migration. Read more.

14 March 2014

Strategies for Maintaining Fiscal Soundness in Aging Societies

Strategies for Maintaining Fiscal Soundness in Aging Societies Many economies are facing rapid aging of their populations, which will dramatically raise social insurance expenditures and increase the risks to fiscal sustainability. ADBI, together with the Japan Ministry of Finance Policy Research Institute, recently held a conference to analyze the strategies for maintaining fiscal soundness in aging societies over the economic cycle. The conference examined the experience of advanced and emerging economies in handling aging societies. Read more.

10 March 2014

ADBI Dean Masahiro Kawai Farewell Remarks

ADBI Dean Masahiro Kawai Farewell Remarks Dear Friends and Colleagues: Today [28 February] marks the end of my term as Dean and CEO of the Asian Development Bank Institute. For the past seven years it has been my great pleasure and honor to lead ADBI in its mission to become a premier policy-oriented think tank in Asia and the Pacific on development issues, particularly those related to regional cooperation and integration. Read full remarks.

6 March 2014

Assessing South Asia–East Asia Integration

Assessing South Asia–East Asia Integration A new ADBI working paper by Ganeshan Wignaraja evaluates the gains for South Asia from integrating with East Asia and India's role in this process. Although the pace of pan-Asian integration has increased, the process is uneven. He points out that investing in cross-border infrastructure, accelerating reforms, and promoting services trade will boost economic benefits for South Asia. Read more.

4 March 2014

Naoyuki Yoshino Appointed New Dean of ADB Institute

The ADB Institute is pleased to announce the appointment of Naoyuki Yoshino as the Institute's new Dean, effective 1 April 2014. Mr. Yoshino, currently a Professor of Economics at Keio University in Japan, replaces Masahiro Kawai, who served as Dean since January 2007. Mr. Yoshino holds a Doctorate in Economics from Johns Hopkins University and honorary doctorates from Goteborg University and Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg. Commenting on his appointment, Mr. Yoshino said he looked forward to continuing ADBI's strong contribution to economic research and capacity development in Asia and the Pacific. To contact ADBI, click here. Read more.

26 February 2014

The Case for Regional Financial Regulation in Asia

The Case for Regional Financial Regulation in Asia A new ADBI working paper, Regional Financial Regulation in Asia, by Masahiro Kawai and Peter J. Morgan, argues that there is a mediating role for regional-level institutions of financial regulation between national regulators in Asia and global-level institutions such as the IMF and the Financial Stability Board. This potential role includes monitoring financial markets and capital flows to identify regional systemic risks, coordinating financial sector surveillance and regulation to promote regional financial stability, and cooperating with global institutions in rule formulation, surveillance, and crisis management. Read more.

21 February 2014

Promoting Regional Cooperation and Integration in Asia

Promoting Regional Cooperation and Integration in Asia Asia has the potential to be a major force in the global economy. But regional cooperation and integration (RCI) is needed to make this happen. RCI is key to accelerating economic growth, reducing poverty, boosting productivity and employment, and strengthening institutions. ADBI's Conference on Regional Cooperation and Integration on 25 February aims to take stock of the progress of RCI in the Asia and Pacific region, and to chart a course for RCI by identifying challenges and emerging issues. Read more.

18 February 2014

Roadmap to Boosting Financial Inclusion in India and Pakistan

Roadmap to Boosting Financial Inclusion in India and Pakistan Exclusion to financial services is prevalent in both India and Pakistan. At a recent ADBI seminar, Savita Shankar, a research fellow at the Asian Institute of Management, presented findings of two field studies on the role of microfinance programs in promoting financial inclusion in the two countries. Read more.


Why Is the PRC Economy Showing Signs of Overheating?

Why Is the PRC Economy Showing Signs of Overheating? A new Asia Pathways post by C. H. Kwan of Nomura Institute of Capital Markets Research argues that the People's Republic of China's (PRC) economy is showing signs of overheating despite a sharp slowdown in growth. With PRC authorities shifting priorities from boosting growth to curbing inflation, monetary policy is expected to change from easing to tightening. He warns the PRC economy is likely to slow in 2014 as a result. Read more.

14 February 2014

Yokozuna Hakuho visits ADBI

Yokozuna Hakuho visits ADBI Yokozuna Hakuho of the Japan Sumo Association visited ADBI on 7 February. The sumo grand champion greeted staff and attendees at the closing day of an ADBI Public-Private Partnership training workshop. Promoted to the highest sumo rank in 2007, Yokozuna Hakuho has won 28 tournaments over his career.

10 February 2014

Preparing Public-Private Partnerships to Meet Asia's Infrastructure Needs

Preparing Public-Private Partnerships to Meet Asia's Infrastructure Needs Public-private partnerships (PPPs) are becoming a vital tool for public service delivery and infrastructure development in Asia. ADBI held a PPP workshop on 3-7 February to strengthen the expertise of Asian planners on the use of PPPs to meet public service and infrastructure needs in their home countries. Read more.

7 February 2014

ADBI Assesses the Future of the PRC Economy

ADBI Assesses the Future of the PRC Economy The People's Republic of China's (PRC) economy grew 7.7% in 2013, signaling that growth is cooling. ADBI's Dr. Yuqing Xing recently spoke on NHK World about the outlook for future growth and the challenge of transforming the PRC economy from an external demand driven to internal demand driven growth model. Watch interview.

3 February 2014

Strengthening Financial System Stability and Inclusion

Strengthening Financial System Stability and Inclusion A recent ADBI conference explored the relation of financial stability and financial sector competition, financing for small and medium-sized enterprises, the relation between financial stability and financial inclusion, and ways to promote financial education in Asia. Participants included Indonesia Financial Services Authority Chairman Muliaman D. Hadad and Hatton National Bank Chairperson and former Deputy Governor of the Central Bank of Sri Lanka, Ranee Jayamaha. The IMF and the Japan Financial Services Agency co-hosted the event. Read more.

31 January 2014

Asian Migration Trends Explored at ADBI–OECD Roundtable

Asian Migration Trends Explored at ADBI–OECD Roundtable Asia is the world's most economically dynamic region with more than 30 million migrant workers. Migrant workers make an enormous contribution to the region's economies but are often subject to exploitation and abuse. An ADBI–OECD roundtable at ADBI on 27-28 January explored labor migration trends, the impact of labor migration, and labor migration management. Read more.

29 January 2014

ADBI Climbs Think Tank Rankings

ADBI Climbs Think Tank Rankings ADBI's ranking among government-affiliated think tanks rose from 6th to 5th in the 2013 Global Go To Think Tanks Index Report, released 22 January by the Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program of the University of Pennsylvania. The report is based on an international survey of 1,950 scholars, public and private donors, policymakers, and journalists who evaluated and ranked more than 6,500 think tanks worldwide. Read more.

24 January 2014

People's Republic of China's Growth Prospects Discussed

People's Republic of China's Growth Prospects Discussed ADBI Research Director Ganeshan Wignaraja spoke on the growth outlook of the People's Republic of China on NHK World on 20 January. He stressed that the pace of future growth will depend on the implementation of announced structural reforms, bolstering domestic demand, and mitigating external risks. Watch interview.

21 January 2014

Blueprint for Eco-industrial Cluster Development

Blueprint for Eco-industrial Cluster Development The new ADBI publication Eco-Industrial Clusters: A Prototype Training Manual examines the strategic importance of eco-industrial clusters in development and summarizes the requirements for successful industrial cluster formation. This publication, freely available electronically, is a pioneering effort to bridge the gap between policies and practices in the creation of eco-industrial clusters. Read more.

17 January 2014

Boosting the Global Trade of Asia's Transition Economies

Boosting the Global Trade of Asia's Transition Economies What is the importance of infrastructure and trade facilitation on trade between Asia's transition economies with the rest of the world? A seminar by ADBI Research Fellow Yothin Jinjarak on 10 January explored these questions and also discussed how strengthening trade integration can benefit transitional economies in Asia. Read more.

10 January 2014

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